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More filters. Sort order. The MAN design was officially accepted in September and put into immediate production with top priority, finished tanks were being produced just two months later and suffered from reliability problems as a result of this haste. With a production target of vehicles a month the work had to be expanded out of MAN to include Daimler-Benz and in the firms of Maschinenfabrik Niedersachsen-Hannover and Henschel.
Due to disruption monthly production never approached the target, peaking in with a month and ending around February with at least built. The Panther first saw action around Kursk on July 5, In addition to these mainstream efforts the German army also experimented with a variety of unusual prototypes and also put into production several peculiarities. Some Tiger tanks were fitted with anti-personnel grenade launchers that were loaded and fired from within the tank as an anti-ambush device. Germany was forbidden to produce and use tanks because of the Treaty of Versailles.
But a secret program under the code name "Traktor" was developing armored military vehicles and artillery. Grosstraktors were used only for training. Two years after the "Grosstraktor" project, prototypes of "Leichter Traktor" "Light Tractor" were built. In the early years of World War II they were used as training tanks.
The first of these German-built tanks was the Panzer I. Nevertheless, the tank design did see actual combat, first during the Spanish Civil War of , then again during World War II, and elsewhere. Since the tank was never intended to be used in actual combat, it was plagued by weapon and armour shortcomings through its entire life. Attempts were made to improve the design, but with little success. The Panzer III was intended to be the main medium core of the German armored force when it was designed during the inter-war period. However, during the later parts of , it was largely replaced by later versions of the Panzer IV and Panzer V "Panther".
It saw combat in all theaters, with the exception of the Pacific Theater, and was the only tank to remain in production for the entire war. The Panzer IV was originally intended to be an infantry-support tank. In the latter half of the war, about half of all German tanks was a Panzer IV or a derivative. The German Neubaufahrzeug series of tank prototypes were a first attempt to create a heavy tank for the Wehrmacht after Adolf Hitler came to power.
Multi-turreted, heavy and slow, they were not considered successful enough to continue limited production. Therefore, only five were ever made. These were primarily used for propaganda purposes, though three took part in the Battle of Norway in The Panther was a medium tank 45 tonnes with a crew of five, which was designed to counter the Soviet T tank. In weight it was comparable to Soviet heavy tanks. This tank was introduced in the Battle of Kursk , one of the largest tank battles in history. Series production began in The tank was plagued with mechanical problems throughout its service life, several of which were never quite fixed, even after the war.
The Panther II was built as a successor to the Panther tank, featuring improvements from lessons learnt from the Eastern front campaign. While visually similar, it was essentially a different tank, with thicker armor, a new turret, engine and gun. Many of the components from the original Panther were dropped and replaced by components from the Tiger and Tiger II. It would have been faster, though weighed more.
One prototype was made but it was halted to focus on the Panther I. Some of the design influence went into the E In response to the T after the invasion of the Soviet Union , the German forces ordered the construction of a new heavy tank. It had some mechanical problems due to its weight.
Armor was weakest on the rear of the turret. The VK It was not selected for production because it didn't work during testing in front of Hitler.
So the Henschel-built VK The high-water mark of the battle was the massive armor engagement at Prochorovka also spelled Prokhorovka , which began on July The Central Front, with the right wing strengthened by Lt. Nikolai P.http://certifyby.com/2356-best-cell.php
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The Sixth Guards Army, led by Lt. Mikhail N. Chistyakov, and the Seventh Guards Army, led by Lt. Shumilov, held the center and left wing. East of Kursk, Col. Ivan S. If their plan succeeded, the Germans would encircle and destroy more than five Soviet armies. Such a victory would have forced the Soviets to delay their operations and might have allowed the Wehrmacht desperately needed breathing room on the Eastern Front. Although all three were technically Panzergrenadier divisions, each had more than tanks when Citadel began.
Pavel A. The Fifth Guards was the Soviet strategic armored reserve in the south, the last significant uncommitted armored formation in the sector, with more than tanks. The Soviet operational armored reserve, General Mikhail E. Hermann Priess, had established a bridgehead over the Psel, west of Prochorovka. During the evening of July 11, Hausser readied his divisions for an assault on Prochorovka. Totenkopf anchored the left flank of the corps, while Leibstandarte , commanded by SS Maj. Theodore Wisch, was in the center, assembled west of the town between a rail line and the Psel.
Das Reich , commanded by SS Lt. On July 11, the Fifth Guards Tank Army arrived in the Prochorovka area, having begun its march on July 7 from assembly areas nearly miles to the east. It has been covered in articles, books and televised historical documentaries, but these accounts vary in accuracy; some are merely incomplete, while others border on fiction. In the generally accepted version of the battle, the three SS divisions attacked Prochorovka shoulder to shoulder, jammed into the terrain between the Psel and the railroad.
A total of to German tanks, including dozens of Panzerkampfwagen Mark V Panther medium tanks with 75mm guns and Panzerkampfwagen Mark VI Tiger heavy tanks with deadly 88mm cannons, lumbered forward while hundreds of nimble Soviet T medium tanks raced into the midst of the SS armor and threw the Germans into confusion. While it makes a dramatic story, nearly all of this battle scenario is essentially myth.
As those reports were intended to allow the corps commander to assess the combat strength of his divisions, they can be considered reasonably accurate. Considering that information, it seems that the Germans may have been near a limited success on the southern flank of the salient. The number of SS tanks actually involved in the battle has been variously reported as high as by some authorities, while others have estimated between to Damaged tanks or tanks undergoing repairs are not listed.
The battalions that were equipped with Panthers were still training in Germany in July Actual losses were somewhat heavier, the discrepancy due to the gain of repaired tanks returned to action. Closer study of the losses of each type of tank reveals that the corps lost about 70 tanks on July In contrast, Soviet tank losses, long assumed to be moderate, were actually catastrophic.
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